1808 Map by Aaron Arrowsmith

Detail of Arrowsmith's 1808 Map of the United States of North America. The full title of the map is: A Map Of The United States Of North America Drawn from a number of Critical Researches By A. Arrowsmith, Hydrographer to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. No. 10 Soho Square. London. Published as the Act Directs by A. Arrowsmith, No. 10 Soho Square. Jan 1st, 1796. Additions to 1802.

The detail reproduced below focuses on the District of Maine and the Province of New Brunswick. The map, by the British geographer and cartographer Aaron Arrowsmith (1750-1823), clearly shows the British claims to the entire St.John River valley. Maine, at that date still a District of the State of Massachusetts, is limited to the coastal areas along the Atlantic, extending to Passamoquoddy Bay, at the mouth of the St.Croix River (which by the Treaty of 1783 marked the border between Maine and New Brunswick). The border of Maine and Lower Canada (Quebec) is marked as running to a point just north of Moosehead Lake (in today's Piscatquis County), but peters out around there. There is no border drawn further east, but the wording on the map clearly indicates that the entire length of the St.John is within New Brunswick.

For the original, including very detailed close-up online views of the map, go to http://www.davidrumsey.com/maps5500.html

Here's an even closer detail, focusing on the St.John River, depicted in this map as fully within New Brunswick.

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Last revised 8 Feb 2005